I teach the upper grades in my school, yet I continue to see kids who do not even have basic algebra skills in place. As a parent, I'm very aware of what my own children are learning in school. For the most part, I've been happy with their progress, but as they rise in grade level, I'm starting to see more emphasis on a loose understanding of the concepts and less emphasis on skills__particularly skills with arithmetic of fractions. The main problem with what I see with my students and my own children is that kids are taught "concepts" and are not taught skills__unless they're lucky enough to have a teacher who knows better. Most particularly, children are not taught mastery of arithmetic with fractions. Unfortunately, virtually all of their future math education depends on being able to do fractional arithmetic.
Once you have a scope and sequence book, make a list of each area in math that he needs to work on for the school year. For example for grades three and four, by the end of the year in subtraction, your child should be able to: _ Solve vertical and horizontal computation problems _ Review subtraction of 2 numbers whose sums would be 18 or less _ Subtract 1_ or 2_digit number from a 2_digit number with/without renaming _ Subtract 1_, 2_, or 3_digit numbers from 3_ and 4_digit number with/without renaming _ Subtract 1_, 2_, 3_, 4_, or 5_digit number from a 5_digit number